The Alentejo is Portugal’s largest region – covering just over a third of the country’s mainland. The exact borders have moved over the years with various reorganisations but historically the Alentejo is generally regarded as the area lying to the south of the Rio Tejo and to the north of the Algarve, stretching from the Atlantic coast to the Spanish border.
It’s predominantly a rural region with few towns of any size – and a shrinking population. Despite occupying 34% of the Portuguese mainland, the Alentejo is home to only about 760,000 – equivalent to roughly 7.2% of Portugal’s total population of around 10.5 million people.
But although the Alentejo has lots of wide empty spaces, it also contains plenty of culture, with World Heritage status architecture in Évora and Elvas (home to some of the finest military fortifications in Europe), plus castles, churches, palaces and a wealth of Neolithic sites.
Read on for more information on the region or scroll down for details of rides and routes in the Alentejo.
The Alentejo is predominantly rural – much of it rolling pastureland dotted with cork oaks, fields of craggy old olive trees and large areas of vines.
The plains around Beja and to the west of the region were once mostly covered with fields of wheat and other crops. However, huge areas are now being given over to commercial olive plantations (despite the environmental risks of a water-hungry monoculture crop in a region that faces an increasing shortage of water).
The Alentejo is known for its birdlife – from storks and eagles to colourful bee-eaters, hoopoes and many other smaller species. In early spring (March to April), carpets of wild flowers also bring some vibrant splashes of colour to the region’s pastures.
The area also has a wealth of historic towns and villages. Many towns haven’t grown much in modern times so it’s not unusual to find yourself standing on the walls looking out over open country.
There are castles for all tastes. Elvas, which stands almost within sight of the Spanish city of Badajoz, is home to some of the the most extensive and best-preserved 17th century fortifications in Europe. At the other end of the scale, the castles at hilltop villages like Marvao and Monsaraz are more like mediaeval eyries.
Personally, I love the Alentejo for cycling. Some of the main reasons being: quiet roads, wonderful scenery, lots of castles and great towns for wandering round, plus there’s some good food and wine to be had.
Even better – as far as I’m concerned – is the terrain. Most of the Alentejo can be described as ‘rolling’. Which means there are enough hills to make it interesting but not so many that you spend hours plodding up great big inclines.
There are a couple of downsides. One is the heat. It gets seriously hot in the Alentejo in the summer – temperatures regularly reach well above 40ºC in July and August. For more comfortable temperatures, I’d recommend visiting from mid-September (at the earliest) through to early June (at the latest). Any time from June through into September and it can be sweltering.
I’ve visited the Alentejo in the winter and cycled across it in February. It can get cold and you can get wet periods but they generally don’t last too long and you can also get beautiful sunshine for day after day.
The other problem is the lack of roads. This is a very underpopulated area of Portugal and as a consequence there are large parts where there are few roads. This means that planning circular routes sometimes means you don’t have a lot of options.
However, the lack of people also means that what look like major roads on a map actually have very little traffic compared to other countries. Other than motorways (which you won’t be on anyway!), the only really major road in the Alentejo is the IC1 from Faro up to Lisbon, which gets a lot of lorry traffic that’s avoiding motorway tolls.
Further east, you can be riding on main N and E routes without much problem. Obviously the more minor roads will be quieter but don’t think you need to avoid the main roads completely. On very minor roads, the surfaces might be an issue – I have found one or two country roads that are little more than cobbles with a patchy layer of tarmac!
Rides are listed under the name of the nearest main town. Click on the title for further information on each ride. Maps are included with the detailed profile.
Alentejo panorama: A good day’s ride through a rolling rural landscape, beginning and ending in the marble town of Estremoz and taking in the hilltop castle at Evoramonte with its amazing panoramic views of the Alentejo plains.
Cork & carpets: A gentle 54km (33m) circuit along quiet roads to the north of Évora, visiting the pretty little town of Arraiolos – famous for making the best carpets in Portugal.
ZAMBUJEIRA DO MAR
Cabo Sardao: A relaxing ride along gentle country roads and a visit to a dramatic cape where storks nest high above crashing Atlantic waves.
As well as these day rides, the maps for touring routes that go through the region might also provide ideas and opportunities for further rides. For the Alentejo these include:
Alentejo Circuit: A five or six day circuit that takes in some of the region’s most interesting towns and varied scenery.
Alentejo to Algarve: A quick inland route to get you south from Évora to Loulé. Quiet roads and spectacular views feature.
Central Bypass: If you want to avoid cycling through Lisbon (not a great experience), this route gets you to Évora from the Atlantic coast at Peniche.
Portugal Explorer – Alentejo: Starting in Évora, this route takes you towards the border with Spain and then north via some stunning hilltop towns and castles.
S2N Algarve to Lisbon: Sections include routes from Vila Nova de Milfontes on the Alentejo coast, inland to Beja and Évora then back to the coast and up to the capital via Setubal.